Fast & FREE Shipping!

This blog provides information for educational purposes only. Read our complete summary for more info.

January 10, 2014
Last updated

Corn Mash Recipe - Whiskey Mash

Owner of Clawhammer Supply

We made a corn whiskey mash recently and documented the process for others to see. Though, before we get started, a reminder: making mash is legal. It' just like making beer, which is legal in 48 states in the US. However, distilling alcohol is illegal without a federal fuel alcohol or distilled spirit plant permit as well as relevant state and local permits. Our distillation equipment is designed for legal uses only and the information in this article is for educational purposes only. Please read our complete legal summary for more information on the legalities of distillation.

The following is a detailed corn mash recipe, illustrated with pictures. This is one of our older recipes, so this is a tried and true process. For a newer version of this recipe check out our article on How to Make Moonshine.

When we tested this procedure, we had a fuel alcohol permit and we were in compliance with state and federal regulations. We produced, stored, and used this alcohol in accordance with TTB requirements. We also kept and reported production logs in accordance with TTB fuel alcohol permit requirements.

The following is how a commercial distillery would likely make corn whiskey

 

Mashing Equipment

  • First, making corn whiskey mash is pretty simple. Less equipment could be used, but having the following basic equipment will make this a lot easier. All a distiller needs is a large pot for mashing, a wort chiller for cooling liquid, a brewers thermometer, cheesecloth, a plastic funnel, and a spare plastic bucket for aeration. Make sure to check out our recommended distillation equipment guide.

   

Corn Mash Ingredients

  • As far as ingredients go, a distiller needs the following:
    • 8.5 lbs. of crushed corn (sometimes called flaked maize)
    • 2 lbs. of crushed malted barley*
    • 6.5 gallons of water
    • 1 package of bread yeast (Fleischmann's Active Dry works well)

*Note, barley MUST be malted, otherwise recipe will not work (more on this below).

 

How To Make Corn Mash

  • We heated 6.5 gallons of water to roughly 165 degrees Fahrenheit. Once the temperature was reached, we cut off the heat. It won't be needed for a while. Next, we poured all of the crushed corn into the water and stirred for 3-5 minutes. After that we stirred for 5-10 seconds every 5 minutes. This is the start of our mash.

    • The corn will turn to a "gel" as it gets stirred up. We weren't alarmed when this happened as this is perfectly normal. The corn is being broken down and starch is being released, which makes the mixture quite thick. Once the barley is added and mashing begins, the mixture will thin out considerably.

 

  • We monitored the temperature as we stirred. Once the temperature dropped to 152 degrees, we added the malted barley and stirred for 1-2 minutes. Once stirred, we covered and let the mixture "rest" (sit) for 90 minutes.

    • During the rest, enzymes in the malted barley will convert starches in the corn and the barley into sugar. Later, during the fermentation process, yeast will be added and the yeast will actually turn the sugar into alcohol. So, to rephrase that, what we're ultimately trying to do during mashing is turn grain starch into sugar so we can add yeast and turn the sugar into alcohol during the fermentation process. The enzymes found in malted grains (i.e. malted barley) are what convert the starches into sugar. Without enzymes, none of the starch will be converted into sugar and fermentation will fail. So, it is critically important to use malted barley, and not regular flaked barley, for this recipe.

 

  • While the mash is resting, we made a "yeast starter" by re-hydrating our yeast in a glass of water. For this recipe, we added 2 packages of active dry bread yeast to 1/2 cup of 110 degrees F water along with 1 tsp. of sugar.

    • Completing this step allowed us to verify that the yeast is good (a "yeast cake" will form and expand on top of the water if it's working). This step also allows the yeast to get a "head start." Once added to the mash, the yeast will be able to begin rapid fermentation immediately. This reduces the chances of contamination of the mash by ambient bacteria.

  • After a 90 minute rest, we needed to cool the mash down to a temperature suitable for adding yeast. This is generally somewhere in the neighborhood of 70 degrees. To cool a mash, a distiller can either use an immersion chiller to rapidly cool the mash, or simply leave it sit for several hours. Once cool, we poured the mash through a cheesecloth (any fine strainer will do) to separate solids from the liquids.

    • It's always a good idea to cool the mash as quickly as possible to reduce the likelihood that the mash will become contaminated with ambient bacteria while it is sitting. Immersion chillers work great for this. 

    • We like to use a cheesecloth to separate solids from liquids. We scoop a little bit into the cheesecloth bag at a time and then squeeze the hell out of it. Using small amounts allows us to wring out the bag and recover most of the liquid (which means we'll end up with more final product).

 

  • After cooling and removing grain solids, we aerated by pouring the mash back and forth between two sanitized buckets. We made sure to aerate aggressively enough to see froth and bubbles forming (that's a sign of good aeration). We poured the liquid back and forth 10-15 times. After aerating, we took a specific gravity reading by filling a test tube and using a hydrometer. Another way a distiller might do this is by dropping a bit onto a refractometer collection plate and taking a refractometer reading.

    • Aeration is critically important. Yeast need oxygen to survive. Without aeration fermentation could fail and the yeast won't do anything. Aerate!

    • The specific gravity reading is used to determine potential starting alcohol. Basically, it allows one to determine how much alcohol will be in the wash if everything goes well during fermentation. After fermentation, another reading will be taken to determine actual alcohol content of the wash. Both readings are needed to calculate this number.

  

  • After aerating and taking a specific gravity reading, we added the entire contents of our yeast starter to the mash. Finally, we transferred our mash to a fermentation vessel.

    • We use 2 small packages of bread yeast per 5 gallons of mash

    • Our favorite container for fermentation is a 6.5 gallon glass carboy.

 

  • The last step of the mashing process is fermentation. Once the mash was transferred to the fermenter, we sealed it with an airlock and left it sit for at least 1 week. A distiller could leave this sit for as many as 3 weeks. If it's still bubbling, it's still fermenting. We left it alone until we didn't see any bubbles.

    • We made our own airlock using a rubber stopper, some clear plastic hose, and some zip ties. We looped the hose a few times and added some sanitizer solution so the very bottom of a few of the loops are full, forcing air to bubble out while not letting any air in.

Distillation

For a quick tutorial on how a commercial distiller would turn a wash into high proof alcohol, check out How to Distill - 101. Also, make sure to check out our copper still kits before leaving.

Kyle Brown is the owner of Clawhammer Supply, a small scale distillation and brewing equipment company which he founded in 2009. His passion is teaching people about the many uses of distillation equipment as well as how to make beer at home. When he isn't brewing beer or writing about it, you can find him at his local gym or on the running trail.

  • I cant figure out how to get a reading from my hydrometer. Please help..

    Posted by Mike on February 25, 2018
  • Grandpa never added sugar. He said that the sugar from the corn is all you need to get the best corn squizings. With him it was quality not quantity.

    Posted by Fred Esslinger on January 25, 2018
  • love a good corn whiskey recipe….you just can’t go wrong. I use 25 lbs of ground corn, 1 Lb of malted barley and 4 Lbs corn sugar in 25 gallons of filtered water (the local city water here in west central Indiana is TERRIBLE and the well water has too much iron). for yeast, I just use Distillers active dry yeast (about 1/2 cup) after about a week, its ready to run. end results are, from about 22 gallons of useable mash and tossing the first 7 oz of distillate, about 2 1/2 gallons of 170 proof juice. once filtered and cut to about 90 proof, then allowed to settle down for a few days, makes for some fine Indiana sippin’ whiskey. all my friends agree, its pretty good either straight or mixed with a soft drink of choice.

    Posted by throttlejockey34 on January 22, 2018
  • There is no need to strain the grain out of the mash before fermentation. It will settle out afterwards and the wort can be strained then. it is undesirable to ferment the mash in a closed carboy with a fermentation lock. in fact, As stated, yeast requires oxygen for optimum results. Therefore, daily aeration by stirring in an open container guarantees fermentation of all carbohydrates. the co2 produced by the fermentation is heavier than air and will sit on top of the mash, keeping oxygen out. stirring solves this problem as well. use a stainless steel stock pot with a lid, stir daily, and you will never have a stuck fermentation.

    Posted by mel olson on November 30, 2017
  • Always wanted to learn this but isn’t this like totally illegal?

    Posted by Rob on November 15, 2017
  • I fermit on grain. Strain then distil.Works great…

    Posted by Robert on August 14, 2017
  • How much DME do you use for a 5 gallon batch. I tried for the Tin Malt ( no Hops )
    at a Brew shop , they don’t have any only the Dry Malt. I can use DME the place of malted barely ? Thank You Jerry

    Posted by Jerry Fisher on April 24, 2017
  • just to double check, can i use dried malt extract (DME) used in beer making instead of adding in the barley? will the DME have the enzymes needed to process the starch from corn?

    Posted by pete on January 10, 2017
  • I’m a beginner,, at the feed store what king of corn am I looking for? Whole or cracked or should I use sweet feed as I’ve seen recipes for? Just looking for a little beginners help thanks!

    Posted by Steve on January 08, 2017
  • i TRIED THIS RECIPE AFTER STRAINING THE CORN AND BARLEY I ONLY HAD ABOUT 3 GALLONS OF WASH. I ADDED 3 GALLONS OF BACKSET AND 4LBS OF SUGAR TO FILL IN. iT WORKED LIKE CRAZY (A BUBBLE EVERY 3 SECONDS) AND THEN ABRUPTLY STOPPED ON THE FORTH DAY. i ADDED ANOTHER PACKAGE OF YEAST, BUT IT NEVER TOOK OFF. wHERE DID i GO WRONG?

    Posted by Steve on December 28, 2016
  • Interested to make whiskey as a passion.

    Posted by JOe on November 10, 2016
  • I tried this last year. It was beautiful everybody liked it so much they are keep asking for more. Tomorrow I am making an other 10 gallon batch.
    Cheers

    Posted by Kuldip Dhaliwal on October 05, 2016
  • why is my corn mash extremly thick ? i did as said in the above article? i Added some extra water to thin is out. was this a bad idea? i have it not airlocked and fermenting so well see how it turns out.

    Posted by korben smith on September 17, 2016
  • Simple recipe.

    For every gallon you have you add a pound of (cracked) corn and two pounds of sugar. i always do five gallons of water, five pounds of corn and ten pounds of sugar and it comes out of my still at 140 proof.

    Posted by sammy on July 24, 2016
  • Do you have to wait for the mash to cool before straining or can you strain it then use a wort chiller ?

    Thanks
    Pat

    Posted by Patrick Horgan on July 19, 2016
  • Ok I followed this recipe except I used turbo yeast. I Made the mash 3 days ago, the OG was 1.060 it was aggressively bubbling in my lock for about 24 hours. Today I checked the SG and it was 1.010. I’ll give it until 4 more days to see if it finishes but it looks like right now I’m about 7.88% abV. I made a new mash today except again I used turbo yeast and I added 5 pounds of dextrose. The OG was 1.091.

    Posted by Jed on March 18, 2016
  • Ok I followed this recipe except I used turbo yeast. I Made the mash 3 days ago, the OG was 1.060 it was aggressively bubbling in my lock for about 24 hours. Today I checked the SG and it was 1.010. I’ll give it until 4 more days to see if it finishes but it looks like right now I’m about 7.88% abV. I made a new mash today except again I used turbo yeast and I added 5 pounds of dextrose. The OG was 1.091.

    Posted by Jed on March 18, 2016
  • Ok I’m trying this recipe except I’m using turbo yeast in place of the Active Dry yeast. Will let you know how it turns out.

    Posted by Jed on March 15, 2016
  • I made about 5 gallons of mash, I put 5 lbs of fine corn meal in 2 gallons of boiling water. It became very thick. I kept stirring it until it cooled to about 150 degrees f and I added about 4 tablespoons of Amylase Enzyme and kept stirring it at 150f for about an hour. It became thin obviously from the conversion. I put it in a 6 gallon fermentation bucket. I heated another 2 gallons of water to about 125 and added 12 pounds of plain sugar stirred until it all melted. I added it to the container. I then poured another 1 gallon of water in the bucket. Once to cooled to about 90 degrees F. I put 4 tablespoons of instant yeast in 4 tablespoons of water and added about 4 ounces of 100 degree f water and mixed it up. Once it doubled in size, I mixed in in the Mash. It started fermenting in about 45 minutes, had nice bubbling in my lock. 6 days later its still working. How long will it take to finish? I forgot to do the SP check prior to fermenting like a dummy but does the longer it takes to ferment mean it will have a high ETOH content?

    Posted by Jed on February 29, 2016
  • I am not able to get enough sugar out of 8.5 pounds of corn to make a 5 gallon wash that will convert to more than about 4% potential alcohol . I have tried using malted barley and or amylase to convert the starch. anybody have any suggestions?

    Posted by carl on February 28, 2016


Leave a comment

Please note, the design of our website does not allow us to respond directly to blog comments. Please email us directly regarding questions about products. We don't answer questions about recipes, procedures, etc. However, feel free to leave a comment or respond to comments made by others!