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July 17, 2023
Last updated

How to Make CBD Oil At Home

Making CBD oil at home is a process that anyone can master. Not only is it cost-effective, but it also gives you complete control over the quality and concentration of the end product. This article guides you through the process, providing you with all the information you need on how to make CBD oil with steam distilling.

cbd oil on a table surrounded by pebbles

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is a product derived from the cannabis plant. It's rich in cannabidiol (CBD), a compound known for its potential therapeutic benefits. Unlike THC, another well-known compound in cannabis, CBD doesn't produce a "high" or psychoactive effect. Instead, it's often used for its potential to promote relaxation, reduce anxiety, and alleviate pain.

Benefits of Making CBD Oil at Home

Creating your own CBD oil at home has many advantages:

  • It's cost-effective. 
  • You have complete control over the quality of the ingredients you use.
  • You can customize the concentration of CBD in your oil, allowing you to create a product that suits your specific needs and preferences.

Legal Status of CBD Oil

Before you start making CBD oil, check your local laws and regulations before starting the process. The legality of CBD varies by location, with some regions allowing its use and production, while others don’t. 

What You Need to Make CBD Oil

To make CBD oil, you need the right ingredients and equipment.

Ingredients

  • High-CBD cannabis
  • Water

Equipment

  • Steam distillation kit (a boiling flask, a biomass flask for the cannabis, a condenser, and a collection flask for the distilled oil)

Choosing the Right CBD Strain

The type of cannabis strain you choose to make your CBD oil significantly impacts the oil's properties. Cannabis strains are typically classified as Indica, Sativa, or hybrid, each with unique characteristics:

  • Indica strains are known for their relaxing effects
  • Sativa strains are more energizing.
  • Hybrids offer a balance of both. 

When choosing a strain, consider the THC and CBD content. Strains high in CBD and low in THC are typically the best choice for making CBD oil.

How to Make CBD Oil at Home: Step-by-Step 

Making CBD oil is a simple process, but it involves several steps. These are:

1. Decarboxylate your canabbis

First, you need to decarboxylate your cannabis, which involves heating it to activate the CBD. To do it:

  • Grind the cannabis into small pieces 
    • A food processor works well if a large amount of cannabis is being distilled.
  • Spread it evenly on baking sheets
  • Heat it in the oven at 250°F for 25 to 30 minutes.

This process enhances the potency of the oil, making it more effective.

2. Set Up the Steam Distillation System

Once your cannabis is decarboxylated, it's time to set up your steam distillation system:

  • Fill the boiler with water and the biomass kettle with your decarboxylated cannabis.
  • Connect the kettles according to the manufacturer's instructions, ensuring a tight seal to prevent steam from escaping.

3. Start the Steam Distillation Process

To start distilling your CBD oil:

  • Heat the water in the boiler until it turns into steam. 
  • The steam passes through the biomass kettle, vaporizing the volatile compounds in the cannabis, including CBD. These vapors then travel into the condenser.

4. Condense the Vapor into Liquid

In the condenser, the cannabis vapors are cooled and condensed into a liquid. This liquid, which contains your CBD, then drips into a separatory funnel. This process can take a few hours, so patience is key. Remember, a slow and steady distillation process results in a more potent and pure CBD oil.

5. Collect and Store the CBD Oil

Once the distillation process is complete, you can collect your CBD oil from the collection flask:

  • Be sure to let the oil and hydrosol cool and settle before handling it. 
  • Drain the hydrosol from the bottom of the separatory funnel. Then drain the oil into a different collection jar.
  • Store your CBD oil in a cool, dark place, ideally in a glass container with a tight-fitting lid to prevent exposure to air. Proper storage helps maintain the potency and effectiveness of your CBD oil.

How to Use CBD Oil

Using your homemade CBD oil is simple. You can take it orally by placing a few drops under your tongue, add it to food or drinks (such as CBD infused beer), or apply it topically to your skin as an essential oil. 

Safety Precautions and Potential Side Effects

Safety is key when making CBD oil at home. Here are a few things to keep in mind:

  • Make sure that distillation and Cannabis and CBD are legal where you live.
  • The process of making CBD oil with steam distillation can produce strong odor, so always work in a well-ventilated area.
  • The equipment used in steam distillation can become very hot. Always handle with care to avoid burns. 
  • Avoid direct contact with steam, since it can cause severe burns.  Remember, you're working with potentially flammable materials, so caution is key. Use heat-resistant gloves and handle all glassware carefully to prevent breakage. 

Frequently Asked Questions About Making CBD Oil

What kind of cannabis do I need to make CBD oil with steam distillation?

The type of cannabis you need depends on the desired potency and legal status in your area. High-CBD strains are typically the best choice for making CBD oil. 

How much water do I need for the steam distillation process?

The amount of water you need depends on the size of your steam distillation system. As a general rule, you should fill your boiling flask about halfway with water. This allows enough space for the water to boil and produce steam without overflowing.

How long does it take to make CBD oil at home with steam distillation?

The process of making CBD oil at home with steam distillation can take a few hours. This includes the time to decarboxylate the cannabis (about 30 minutes to an hour), set up the steam distillation apparatus, and run the distillation process (another 2 to 3 hours). 

Wrap Up 

As you embark on your journey of making CBD oil at home, remember that patience and attention to detail are key. The process of steam distillation seems complex at first, but with practice, it becomes easier and more intuitive. Plus, the reward of having a homemade, high-quality CBD oil that's tailored to your specific needs is well worth the effort.

Whether you're a beginner or an experienced DIYer, at Clawhammer Supply we offer a wealth of information and steam distillation tools that can help you perfect your CBD oil-making process and dive into other DIY projects such as homemade brewing and essential oils.

  • After extracting the CBD oil what can you use the distilled cannabis for

    Posted by Bill on April 01, 2024

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